Africa

Africa

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Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area. It is s known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile River, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.

Interesting facts: 

  • There are at least 3,000 distinct ethnic groups in Africa and around 2,000 different languages are spoken and each of them has different dialects. While Arabic is the language that is most widely spoken in the African continent, followed by English and Swahili, French respectively.
  • Africa is the world’s hottest continent with deserts and drylands covering 60% of land surface area (e.g. Kalahari, Sahara and Namib).
  • Mansa Musa, or Musa I of Mali is considered one of the richest men in history and is an African. Musa was the tenth emperor of the Mali Empire, one of the prosperous Sahelian kingdoms that developed along the Saharan slave trade routes in the later medieval period.
  • The world’s longest river — the Nile — and the world’s largest desert — the Sahara — both are home in Africa. The African elephant is the world’s largest land animal, they are gigantic in fact that they can weigh over six tons and they be up to seven meters long in size. The world’s tallest animal, the giraffe, Male giraffes can reach up to 6 m in height, while females can reach about 4,6m.
  • The continents terrain was inhabitable and remained unknown for thousands of years, earning it the name of ‘Dark Continent’.
  • Africa has a pink lake in Senegal.
  • Angola has more Portuguese speakers than Portugal and More than 50% of the world’s French-speaking population lives here on the continent.